2020年11月25日

比利時巧克力卡 - 電影系列 Chromos Jacques Series Superchocolat

 比利時巧克力卡

今天要為大家介紹幾張我從網路上買到的「比利時巧克力卡」(Chromos Jacques Series Superchocolat Card),其實我對這個卡片和香菸卡都不是很熟悉,純粹是因為看到卡片上面有介紹了一些電影相關的資訊,好奇買了幾張。也是拿到之後仔細閱讀才發現原來是比利時的巧克力公司出的卡片呢! (國外網站會用 Trade Card 稱呼這種可收藏的卡片)

從網路上查到的資訊,簡單介紹一下:比利時的 Jacques 巧克力公司於 1896 年創立,直至1936 年才建立了知名的巧克力棒和申請了其專利。他們的巧克力創舉在於可以剥開成為六小塊。接著,他們也在巧克力的包裝中加入了卡片收集樂趣,一開始的卡片是手繪,接著開始用照片吸引。

巧克力卡的紙張蠻薄的,摸起來的感覺大概是一般影印用紙的薄度。卡片尺寸也不大,大概 5cm * 7cm。卡片背面都有針對圖案的解說或介紹,有法文和荷蘭文。卡片上也有編碼和很大的公司Logo。

我手上有的三張,主題都跟電影有關:

 

   "Lumiere Brothers" (No.532)
Card Size : 5cm * 7cm

Lumiere brothers, French inventors and pioneer manufacturers of photographic
equipment who devised an early motion-picture camera and projector called the
Cinematographe (cinema is derived from this name). Auguste Lumiere and 
his brother Louis Lumiere created the film La Sortie des ouvriers de lusine 
Lumiere (1895;Workers Leaving the Lumiere Factory), which is considered 
the first motion picture.
 
 
 
 

   "Montage" (No.540)
Card Size : 5cm * 7cm

Film editing is part of the creative post-production process of filmmaking. The term film editing is derived from the traditional process of working with film, but now increasingly involves the use of digital technology. The film editor works with the raw footage, selecting shots and combining them into sequences to create a finished motion picture.

 

 

   "Image Mobile" (No.531)
Card Size : 5cm * 7cm



"Studio Set" (No.537)
Card Size : 5cm * 7cm
 



"Stereo" (No.549)
Card Size : 5cm * 7cm



 

"Color Film" (No.536)
Card Size : 5cm * 7cm



 

"Sync Sound" (No.535)
Card Size : 5cm * 7cm


香菸卡 - 電影系列 Tobacco Card / Cigarette Card

香菸卡

今天要為大家介紹幾張我從網路上買到的「香菸卡」(Tobacco card 或 Cigarette card),其實我對香菸卡或比利時巧克力卡不是很熟悉,純粹是因為看到卡片上面有介紹了一些電影相關的資訊,好奇買了幾張。也是拿到之後仔細閱讀才發現原來是菸草公司出的卡片呢! (國外網站會用 Trade Card 稱呼這種可收藏的卡片)

從網路上查到的資訊,簡單介紹一下:香菸卡是約 1875 年自美國和英國開始盛行的文化,直至1940 年代左右。菸草公司定期出產系列主題卡片,包裝在香菸盒中,讓民眾為了收集卡片定期購買!因為是跟著香菸盒,所以尺寸都不大,大概 4cm*7cm 左右不等。紙質也蠻厚的,摸起來感覺像200磅或者再更厚一點的西卡紙的感覺。

各家菸草公司出版的卡片和主題都不太一樣,電影明星、足球明星、國家建設等,很像郵票的主題設計,非常有趣。每張卡片都會有編碼,有些還會標示出總數量和其編號,讓你可以「購齊」全系列。圖案背面也會有簡單的介紹,兼具娛樂性和教育性。

我手上有的三張是由英國 Imperial Tabacco 總公司或分公司發行的卡片,主題都跟電影有關。

 

 "The Motion Picture" (16/25)(OGDEN' 香菸)
Card Size : 3.6cm * 6.7cm

The Cinematograph was rendered possible by (1) the discovery of chemicals highly sensitive to light ; (2) the invention of the celluloid roll film, and (3) the co-operation of engineer and optical instrument maker in devising the "motion picture" camera. Strictly speaking, no motion is reproduced, each picture is an isolated "snap-shot" taken at a rate of 16 per sec. When a series of these are projected upon the screen at about 16 to the sec., the successive pictures merge into on another, and an appearance of natural movement is seen. After vanishing from the screen, each image persists in the brain until the next appears - a physiological phenomenon known as persistence of vision.


  "Edison's Kinetoscope" (No.39)(Will 香菸)
Card Size : 3.6cm * 6.7cm

The Cinematograph is really a development of the "Zoetrope" or "Wheel of Life". In 1877, E. Muybridge obtained successive pictures of a running horse by means of a row of cameras, but the first practical moving picture apparatus was invented by Edison in 1890. In 1892 he brought out the Kinetoscope, a combination of photography and electricity, by means of which the voice of a phonograph worked synchronously with the action of the figures projected on the screen.



 

   "Modern Cinema Operating Box" (40/48)(Churchman 香菸)
Card Size : 5cm * 6.7cm
 
During recent years cinematography has made remarkable progress in all branches, not least in its technical equipment. An up-to-date cinema contains mechanical devices of great interest, but from the engineering point of view its heart is the operating box. The modern projector is a complex machine requiring great precision in manufacture. Pictures and sound are both recorded on the same film, the latter being confined to a narrow track at the side of the picture. This is transformed into sound and broadcast in the theatre. As the illustration indicates, elaborate precautions are taken against fire.